Imagine emerging from bypass surgery with renewed hope and the promise of better heart health. But a question remains: What are the odds of facing another heart attack post-surgery?
Approximately 60,000 heart bypass surgeries are performed annually in India, with a success rate as high as 98%.7 Bypass surgery can work wonders, yet the possibility of another heart attack lingers. The following blog dives into the heart of the matter, exploring the factors that can affect the chances of a heart attack. It also discusses the bypass surgery cost in India. Continue reading to find out.
What is a Heart Bypass Surgery? 1
Heart bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), is a surgery used to treat blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. These arteries are responsible for supplying oxygen and blood to the heart muscle. When they become blocked or narrowed due to a plaque buildup, blood flow to the heart can be restricted. It leads to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.
The following can be expected during bypass surgery:
- The surgeon harvests a blood vessel from other body parts, usually the chest, leg, or arm.
- This vessel is attached to the blocked or narrowed coronary arteries, creating new pathways.
- They bypass the blocked areas and restore proper blood flow to the heart muscle.
While bypass surgery reduces the risk of heart attack, it does not eliminate it.
Is It Possible to Have a Heart Attack After Bypass Surgery? 2
The chances of a heart attack are significantly reduced after the surgery. However, after bypass surgery, the heart and the coronary arteries are weak and vulnerable. This is especially true during the first 30 days after the procedure. As a result, some people may get a heart attack shortly after the surgery. The risk is highest within the first year after surgery.
According to a study by Mr. Renato Lopes in February 2012, about 0.5% of patients get heart attacks within 12 months after bypass surgery without graft failure. On the other hand, about 3% of patients had a heart attack due to graft failures after bypass surgery.
Factors Affecting the Chances of Heart Attack After Bypass Surgery 3
Several factors can influence the chances of having a heart attack after bypass surgery. These factors determine an individual’s post-surgery risk. Some of the key elements include:
- Age: Older individuals may have a high risk of heart attack due to age-related changes in the cardiovascular system and other medical conditions.
- Overall Health: The patient’s general health before and after surgery significantly determines heart attack risk. Existing medical conditions, like high blood pressure or diabetes, can impact the risk of a heart attack.
- Unhealthy Lifestyle: Factors like diet, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption contribute to heart health. Following an unhealthy lifestyle post-surgery can increase the risk of heart attacks.
- Medication Adherence: Following the prescribed medications is essential to prevent clotting and manage risks. People who skip medications may be more prone to heart attacks after surgery.
- Psychological Factors: Stress, anxiety, and depression can impact heart health and increase heart attack risk.
Preventing a Heart Attack After Bypass Surgery 4
Is it possible to prevent a heart attack after bypass surgery? Yes, it is! It involves a combination of medical care, lifestyle changes, and ongoing monitoring. Here are essential steps to take:
- Quit Smoking: Tobacco smoking can increase the risk of complications and heart attack after surgery. Smokers have double the chance than nonsmokers to get a heart attack. Seek support and resources to help you quit.
- Manage Stress: Chronic stress can affect heart health by raising cholesterol and blood pressure. You can benefit from practising stress-reduction techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, or mindfulness. Managing stress can contribute to better heart health.
- Regular Exercise: Engage in regular exercise as advised by your healthcare provider. Try moderate-intensity aerobic exercises and flexibility exercises. It is recommended to consult your doctor before starting a new exercise routine.
- Heart-Healthy Diet: Consume a well-balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and beans. Consider moderate inclusion of dairy, eggs, and fish. Limit meat and added sugars.
- Medications: Take prescribed medicines like blood thinners and cholesterol and blood pressure medications as directed.
- Regular Check-Ups: Attend scheduled follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider. Regular monitoring helps detect and address any issues promptly.
When to Consult a Doctor? 5
If you have undergone bypass surgery and experience symptoms that could indicate a potential heart attack, it is important to consult a doctor immediately. Getting prompt medical attention can make a significant difference in outcomes. Common symptoms of a heart attack to look out for include:
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, back, neck, or jaw
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling light-headed or faint
- Nausea and vomiting
- Unusual fatigue
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
Cost of Bypass Surgery 6
The bypass surgery cost in India starts from ₹ 1,40,000 and can reach ₹ 3,50,000. The average cost of the procedure is ₹ 2,45,000. However, the price can differ based on several factors, such as:
- Surgeon’s Expertise: The surgeon’s skill, experience, and reputation can contribute to the cost.
- Diagnostic Tests: Pre-operative and post-operative tests, such as blood tests, ECGs, and angiograms, can affect the total cost.
- Type of Bypass Surgery: The complexity of the surgery may impact its price. Traditional CABG, off-pump CABG, and minimally invasive techniques may cost differently.
- Patient’s Age and Medical Condition: Older people or those with complex medical conditions may require specialised care and a more extended hospital stay. This contributes to higher overall expenses.
- Type of Hospital: The price of bypass surgery is generally higher in private hospitals than in government hospitals.
- Room Choice: The type of room chosen for recovery (general ward, semi-private room, or private room) will affect the overall cost.
- City or Location: Hospitals in major cities may charge higher fees.
After bypass surgery, the risk of heart attack reduces but is not eliminated. Therefore, it is important to keep taking care of your heart. By eating well, staying active, and following doctors’ advice, you can lower the chances of heart problems and enjoy a healthier life. Remember, your actions matter in keeping your heart strong after surgery.
The professionals at HexaHealth are dedicated to supporting patients every step of the way. We provide personalised care plans tailored to individual needs, ensuring proper treatment and recovery. Through regular check-ins and access to a network of specialists, the HexaHealth team helps patients achieve the best possible outcomes. Get in touch with us TODAY!